Gender in National Adaptation Planning
Blog written by Mariana Tafur (CCAFS/CIAT) and Tatiana Gumucio (CCAFS/CIAT)
This past Friday, March 6th, Colombia’s National Roundtable on Climate Change Adaptation took place at CIAT in Cali, coordinated through the Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development (MADS), the National Association of Communications and Public Services Businesses (ANDESCO), and the Social Studies Center (CES) of the National University of Colombia. In total, some 40 organizations representing state and civil society participated, in person and via teleconference.
The Roundtable requested that the CGIAR research program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) host this first meeting of the year, in order to address the specific theme of gender inclusion in climate change policy.
Rocío Rodriguez of the Ministry’s Climate Change Division delivered the first presentation, explaining that the Roundtable developed in 2013 out of a community-based methodology for receipt of local inputs. The Roundtable’s current strategy is to support sectors for a climate-compatible development and provide a space for reflection and exchange.
The Division also presented the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan. Here in particular, the Ministry representative highlighted that adaptation is a multidimensional process that spans environmental, social and economic issues; furthermore, it has differential impacts, affecting individuals differently due to their varied capacities to adapt.
Ana Maria Loboguerrero, Regional Program Leader of CCAFS Latin America, gave the second presentation, describing that the objective of CCAFS is to overcome the threats that climate change poses to agriculture and food security through investigation of innovative means to help rural communities adjust to global climate changes.
The CCAFS gender and climate change team gave the third and final presentation on the importance of a gender focus for climate change adaptation planning. The team highlighted, for example, that if women farmers had the same access to productive resources as men, the additional on-farm yields could reduce the number of hungry people in the world by 12-17%.
For this reason, it is important to include a gender equity focus in climate change policies, not simply to comply with international mandates, but also because it results in effective and efficient adaptation.
The Roundtable culminated and closed with discussion, touching on the issues of successful local experiences, the need for education as a means of adaptation, the situation of possible post-conflict and transitional justice that the country may confront, and the need to regionalize climate change scenarios. Roundtable participants emphasized Colombia’s diversity, not just in terms of biodiversity but also in terms of its distinct populations and cultures. A key final message of the day’s Roundtable was that, in order to give a differentiated focus to climate change adaptation planning, it is critical to view social groups not simply as policy beneficiaries, but also as agents of change.
This Colombia’s National Roundtable on Climate Change Adaptation was coordinated through the Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development (MADS), the National Association of Communications and Public Services Businesses (ANDESCO), and the Social Studies Center (CES) of the National University of Colombia. The Roundtable’s current strategy is to support sectors for a climate-compatible development and provide a space for reflection and exchange.
Tatiana Gumucio is a Visiting Researcher working with the Gender & Climate Change Research team of CIAT/CCAFS. Mariana Tafur is a consultant working with the Gender & Climate Change Research team of CIAT/CCAFS