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Decision and Policy Analysis Research Area – DAPA

Including Gender in Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the Cattle Sector in Latin American Countries

Written by: Tatiana Gumucio

How can Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) help enable men and women producers in Latin America to contribute to low emissions cattle production?

This is the question a recent policy brief “Silvopastoral Systems in Latin America: Mitigation Opportunities for Men and Women Livestock Producers,” developed by the CIAT Gender Research group, seeks to answer. Their recommendation: take into account gender roles throughout beef and dairy cattle value chains in order to develop mitigation actions that recognize both men’s and women’s innovative capacities. This will help ensure producers’ adoption of new technologies and practices for mitigation in the cattle sector.

Inclusion of gender in Livestock NAMAs in Latin America. Photocredit: Neil Palmer (CIAT)

Inclusion of gender in Livestock NAMAs in Latin America. Photocredit: Neil Palmer (CIAT)

The brief is a product of the CIAT-led LivestockPlus project in Colombia and Costa Rica, which seeks to support the development of cattle sector NAMAs in these countries. Silvopastoral systems (SPS) are a type of livestock production practice that incorporates the use of trees on pastures. Their implementation can create significant benefits in terms of improved productivity and mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions in the cattle sector. Mitigation actions related to SPS are prioritized as principal technologies in both Colombia and Costa Rica. For this reason, the policy brief focuses on gender considerations for SPS.

The brief highlights that both men and women in Latin American countries contribute significantly to beef and dairy value chains. For example, in Nicaragua, women participate in 14 out of 24 dairy value chain activities. However, women’s work tends to be disregarded because it takes place simultaneously with home care and is usually non-paid. When women’s non-paid labor has been taken into account in some cases in Colombia, women’s participation in livestock activities has been registered as twice that of men’s.

Mitigation actions related to SPS have the potential to impact gender relations, in part due to the increased labor requirements SPS put on the production system and the new technical knowledge they require. The brief emphasizes that it will be important to take into account men’s and women’s time and labor burdens, including household and non-remunerated work, in order to ensure effective implementation of SPS. It will also be key that SPS trainings and financing mechanisms reach both women and men, in order to promote successful adoption of mitigation actions related to SPS.

Inclusion of gender in NAMAs in the Cattle Sector in Latin American countries. Photocredit: Neil Palmer (CIAT)

Inclusion of gender in NAMAs in the Cattle Sector in Latin American countries. Photocredit: Neil Palmer (CIAT)

The brief is a collaborative product of three CGIAR research programs: Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); Forest, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA); and Livestock and Fish (LF). Though research on gender in cattle production in Latin America is in its beginning stages, the policy brief provides suggestions for entry points for gender considerations in NAMAs. Cattle sector mitigation actions have the potential to revalue women’s contributions to dairy and beef cattle production. In doing so, they can guarantee stronger impacts of cattle sector NAMAs.

Please access the online version of the brief here. 

Tatiana Gumucio is a Gender Postdoctoral Fellow in the Decision and Policy Analysis (DAPA) Research Area at CIAT in Cali, Colombia. She is also the CIAT Gender Focal Point for the CGIAR Research Program in Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA).

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