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Decision and Policy Analysis Research Area – DAPA

Jack of all Trades

Coffee with: Jeimar Tapasco

Jeimar Tapasco is an economist, working within the Decision and Policy Analysis section of CIAT. He, together with several of CIAT’s research teams and individual researchers, is working on four different projects at the moment.

The first one is in collaboration with BID and is a climate change analysis of Latin-American smallholder famers. This analysis is done through modelling of climate change and five crops in the Latin-American region. The second part of the project refers to laboratory trials to determinate the impact of high temperatures on maize and beans. The final part of this project is all about communicating the results: how these results should be communicated; how they can influence the general vision on agriculture and climate change in Colombia and how they can give general recommendations for the policies of Latin America and the Caribbean. For this project we work closely together with the Soils team and with the Climate Modelling team.

For the second project we are working with CORPOICA in the risk reduction and adaptation in Colombia. This research is mostly in the area of technological recommendations. Some techniques are not applicable to all producers and farmers, so we are trying to decide which technology is best and most convenient for which farmer and which circumstance. We are grouping the different producers there are and the different needs they have. Here we do a comparative benefits-analysis on which technology fits which group of farmers. This project is done without other teams within CIAT, for it’s a smaller project.

Photocredit: Gian Betancourt

Photocredit: Gian Betancourt

The third project is led by the Ministry of Agriculture on agro climatic risks and the different uses of natural resources. The agreement with the Ministry is focused at looking how to implement tools for the development of environmentally sustainable policies from the Ministry for the small holder sector. The implementation of these tools is done with the direct involvement of small and middle sizes farmers.

The agreement focuses at 7 specific crops: rice, beans, fruits, maize, potato, palm and yucca. Together with agroforestry systems, there will be researchers in 14 Colombian departments that represent the different regions that Colombia is made up off: Caribbean, Pacific, Coffee region, Andean region and the highlands. With the generate information, an element for a focused intervention will be developed that counteracts the effects of climate variability. The researchers in this project will work on the development of tools to help the management of agro climatic risks, to close the productive gaps, to try out new genetic materials and to find mechanisms for the efficient use of natural resources such as Payments for Environmental Services (PSA), and the Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA). Within this, the estimation of the hydraulic and carbon footprint are of mayor importance to understand the efficiency of the use of different crops and production sistems recources. See more here.

For this project we work closely together with several teams within CIAT: from Agro biodiversity we work with the rice team, the beans team and the yucca team. We work with the Big Data group (Daniel Jimenez), with Ecosystem Services (Marcela Quintero), with Modelling, with the Communication team (Simone Staiger-Rivas), with the Soils team (Aracelly Castro) and with the Linking Farmers to Markets team (Mark Lundy).

A short movie that explaining what this project is about can be found clicking this link (in Spanish). This projects website can be accessed clicking here.

The fourth project is in collaboration with PNUMA (Programa de Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente, or the United Nations Environment Program, UNEP) and consists of an analysis of climate vulnerability in the Andean region. This region this proyect takes place exists of Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. We are trying to emphasize and analyze the different degrees of vulnerability in the region. So most of all we are identifying the most vulnerable areas in this region, so those areas that for X or Y reason tend to be more vulnerable to climate change and its consequences (for more information, click here).

Maize, grown at a farm in Cauca, southwestern Colombia. Photocredit: Neil Palmer

Maize, grown at a farm in Cauca, southwestern Colombia. Photocredit: Neil Palmer

We are trying to come up with a way to evaluate the social vulnerability through the explosion of various climate change scenarios projected at 2030 and 2050. These scenarios are aimed at food security crops and their importance for the economic incomes of the family core in the Andean Region. The main outcomes of this project exist of a policy brief for each country, showing which areas will be affected in the future through loss of climate suitability of important crops in the social and economic spheres of the rural families. The recommendations that can be given now are that the small holder planning processes should take in account the long-term tendencies. Furthermore, an adequate soil management and forest arrangements should be made to protect the hydraulic regulation and the creation of alternative crops with eye on the changing future. However, further and more in-depth research needs to be done to be able to give further recommendations.

For this project we are working closely together with Vicky Rengifo, the communications team of CIAT, especially Simone Staiger-Rivas, and with the Ecosystem Services team of CIAT.

The inclusion of gender has been low in all four of our projects, mainly because not a single donor has specifically asked us for a gender inclusion in the project. One of the reasons might be that most of our projects take place in Colombia, where a gender-inclusion is not such a high priority yet. Furthermore, as you can see, are we working together with a lot of different teams within CIAT, which I think is a good thing.

For more information on the project, please take a look at the following links

http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCNkSYeFFgTQ2aefTgXZz07Q

http://forosvirtualesandes.wix.com/andes

http://www.pnuma.org/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5_BgooveTdY&feature=youtu.be&a

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=66GiPBVsBww&feature=youtu.be&a

http://www.slideshare.net/CopANDES/jeimar-tapasco-ciatwebinar-4-marzo-2014-vulnerabilidad

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