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Decision and Policy Analysis Research Area – DAPA

Maurice the “madman” goes viral

In March of this year, Maurice told us not to forget him.  He had been instrumental in supporting us doing a Social Return on Investment analysis for adaptation planning in the small village of Kochiel in Kenya.  Afterwards, he sent us a hand written note on a scraggy bit of paper telling us that the people of Kochiel needed us, and that we shouldn’t forget his and their stories.  True to our word, we went back.  We did another adaptation planning exercise in the nearby village of Othidhe just last week, and CIAT’s roving reporter Neil Palmer visited Maurice to give him the opportunity to tell his story.  And what a story it is!  Maurice is a farming superhero.  He could show a great deal of farmers in developed and developing countries alike what it is to be a farmer, and how to eke out every little drop of potential from a system that is constrained in water and soil resources, without actually degrading them.  Since being published on the CIAT blog, it got republished in the CCAFS blog, featured on stumbleupon, showcased on Blog Action Day, hailed as a climate smart example for Africa’s COP17 in December this year, and now broadcast on the wires by Reuters.  I don’t think even Maurice, with his limitless imagination, creativity and dedication, ever imagined that his little note written in March could travel as far as it has done.  Here’s his story.

From “madman” to model farmer – perseverance pays off for Maurice, by Neil Palmer

There are many ways to describe Maurice Kwadha: farmer, entrepreneur, and climate-smart are some of them.

But some in Kombewa, in western Kenya’s Nyando Basin, used to call him a madman. Once, when he was collecting discarded milk packets at the local market, he was physically attacked by someone who thought he had lost his mind. But Maurice had a plan. And his small farm, with its burgeoning tree nursery, is the proof.

Standing in the afternoon sun at his farm in Kochiel village, he’s full of smiles. The day before he hosted a special event for World Food Day – which saw over 100 people, including the area’s provincial commissioner – take a tour of his farm. Even though Maurice has less than half-a-hectare of land, what he’s done with it is nothing short of inspiring, and is perhaps one of the best examples of climate-smart, sustainable, agricultural intensification in the region, if not the country. It’s little wonder it’s starting to get attention.

NP climate-smart farm1

His agroforestry system has been established at just the right time, as the Nyando Basin, and many parts of East Africa, struggle to deal with increasingly unpredictable rains, and more intense dry spells. It shows that with a bit of lateral thinking, a small plot of land is no barrier to boosting food production, increasing resilience to climate change, and developing a profitable business.

In an area barely larger than a tennis court, he has dense, leafy plots in all shades of green. Areas of maize and the bushy fodder grass napier sit next to rows of banana and high-value papaya trees; several alleys of multi-purpose border trees including calliandra and grevillea help to stabilize and replenish the soil, maintain soil water, protect the topsoil from wind erosion, provide shade and fodder, and eventually fuel-wood and building material. He uses leaf mulch from tithonia plants as green manure for his fruit trees; further up he has a small area for onion, sweet potato and tomato.

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His next-door neighbour’s farm, sown almost entirely to maize, seems horribly exposed in comparison. While heavy wads of mud cling to my shoes as we walk along the border of Maurice’s farm, the soil over the fence is dusty and dry. Maurice likens soil-use to having a bank account: you can’t keep withdrawing indefinitely if you have nothing saved up. At the moment, it looks as though his neighbour is in the red.

Maurice also has a unit for a dairy goat and hopes to establish a zero-grazing unit for his dairy cow. He’s also hand dug a large pond, fed by water pumped from a nearby seasonal river, installed an EcoSan toilet, and has a 3000 litre tank to capture rainwater from the tin roof of his home. Furthermore, he’s a committed composter, with various systems in place, and even has an ultra-efficient “rocket stove” for cooking.

“The mother of everything”

What Maurice is most proud of is his growing tree nursery, which despite being less than a quarter of the size of his cropland, is by far his most profitable enterprise. Here there are a whopping 20,000 seedlings of mango, calliandra, grevillea and local tree species. Some are for his farm, but the majority are for sale.

NP climate-smart farm 25

Many of the seedlings are growing in the discarded plastic bags used for milk, the same ones that caused Maurice to attract the wrong kind of attention as he picked them up off the floor at his local market. He says that recalling the incident still brings tears to his eyes. In farming, sometimes you have to act like a person who is mad, he explains. But as long as you know what you’re doing, you’ll be okay.

NP climate-smart farm 21

As well as collecting old milk packets, Maurice also picked up discarded mango seeds to establish his mango nursery. He now sells seedlings to a variety of customers, including the Kenyan government. He’s also started grafting mango.

The money from the tree nursery enabled Maurice to buy and install his water harvesting tank. His water pump was also bought with money from the nursery. Water pipes too. And his television. Money from the tree nursery enables him to send one of his children to school and another to college.

If we want to talk more about what he has bought with money from the tree nursery, we‘ll be here until evening-time, he chuckles. With a sweep of his hand, he says simply, that the tree nursery “is the mother of everything here.”

Despite this, Maurice concedes that for one person alone, environmental conservation is not easy – networking and collaboration are essential – and he admits there is still a long way to go. But he believes that if the whole community can see what he is doing, and adopts similar practices, together there will be a significant change for the better. His involvement as chairman of the the a local youth group, is one step towards this.

“What I’ve learned in farming here is, however small it is, what matters is the way you utilise your farm.”

Now, whichever words the local community uses to describe Maurice, mad is definitely not one of them.

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  • […] The workshop was bittersweet, not least because at this point we have developed a really warm and friendly relationship with many of the local farmers. During our time in Popayán, our “Gender Team” designed and implemented a mixed qualitative – quantitative pilot survey that reached about one-third of the campesino farming population in the area. Each farm visit began with a tour of the property, and as often as possible we conducted intra-household surveys (the challenges of which you can read more about here). […]

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