We just finished phase 1 of the REALU project. See the final report here. Executive summary below:
In order to achieve the goal of reducing emissions of greenhouse gases in Peru, the current legal and institutional policies that have an influence on forests need to change. Joint action by the public and private sector, particularly in cross-sectoral work and international alliances are needed based on the voluntary agreements of the Conference of the Parties 15 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 15 of the UNFCCC), which recognizes that Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation including sustainable forest conservation (REDD+) can contribute to achieving the objective of climate change mitigation. This report explores key elements needed for a comprehensive approach to landscape carbon accounting in Peru. These include: the definitions of forest and international negotiations, rights, access to resources, tenure and potential conflicts regarding REDD, the causes of deforestation and degradation in the Amazon and estimates of future deforestation, perceptions of fairness and efficiency of the REDD value chain, the current legal and institutional framework with regard to land use and the post-Kyoto agreements, the implications of the definitions of reducing deforestation and degradation on carbon accounting, forest governance and governability to integrate mitigation measures for deforestation and degradation and the opportunities of REDD+ in carbon markets.