Terra-i is supporting sustainable development in Loreto, Peru and Caquetá, Colombia
Blog post by Louis Reymondin
On the 13th of March 2015, in Iquitos, Peru, was launched the project “Sustainable development options and land-use based alternatives to: enhance climate change mitigation and adaptation capacities in the Colombian and Peruvian Amazon, while enhancing ecosystem services and local livelihoods (or ”Sustainable Tropical Landscapes” for short reference). The International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) is the leading institution of this initiative and Terra-i will be an active partner in this project.
This Project aims to assist national and sub-national environmental authorities and local farmers in Colombia and Peru, through a multi-level approach, to enhance their adaptive and mitigation capacities in the Amazon by:
1. Providing national authorities with validated land-use options, designed in cooperation with rural communities, that contribute to the design of low-carbon development, and climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies.
2. Enhancing country capacity to assess cost-efficiency of the adoption of these options in terms of improving adaptive capacity while providing other co-benefits (i.e. carbon sinks enhancement, protection of natural forests and water ecosystem services of importance for local livelihoods).
3. Improving the capacity to monitor land cover changes in order to assist the monitoring of the effectiveness of land-use based mitigation and national adaptation plans in Peru; and
4. Identifying the likely pathways the countries may take towards sustainability in terms of ambitious climate protection and around which the mitigation-adaptation land-use options might be framed.
CIAT will be implementing this project in partnership with the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) [based in Germany], Instituto Amazónico de Investigaciones Científicas SINCHI (based in Colombia), the Centre for Research and Sustainable Production Systems CIPAV (based in Colombia), the Universidad de la Amazonia (Colombia), Instituto de Investigación de la Amazonía Peruana (IIAP) and the Universidad Nacional de La Molina (UNALM) in Peru.
Between the 10th and 13th of March 2015, a team of 15 scientists from IIAP, UNALM and CIAT attended a series of meetings and field trips in Tarapoto, Yurimaguas and Iquitos in the region of Loreto, Peru. During the field trips, the team had the chance to meet with local farmers who presented their activities (oil palm, palmito, cacao, papaya…), gave initial information about the practices they implement and shared their preoccupations.
This short trip in the Peruvian Amazon ended in Iquitos where the project was formally launched in front of a panel including local authorities together with scientists of local universities and research institutes. The following discussion showed the potential of sustainable land use based alternatives and highlighted the crucial role played by the restoration of degraded lands in the process of decreasing deforestation rates in the region.
Terra-i will actively participate to this project. The first main task that our team will implement is to define the historic deforestation rates, drivers and patterns in the studied area. We will then assess the impact that infrastructures, such as roads, have had on natural ecosystems. Based on this information, we will generate maps of risk of future deforestation under different scenarios as it was done in Guyana [http://www.terra-i.org/terra-i/news/What-future-will-Guianan-forests-face-with-upcoming-road-infrastructure-projects.html].
Furthermore, a work of field based validation will be undertaken in Yurimaguas. This work will involve the participation of CIAT scientists together with the support of IIAP, UNALM and potentially the General Direction for Land Management (DGOT). During this work, a series of sites will be thoroughly visited first to check the validity of Terra-i detections and additionally to instigate what were the drivers that led to the observed land use changes.
Finally, the Terra-i team will organize a workshop including a detailed presentation of the tool and its results in Peru as well as a capacitation on how those results can be efficiently analysed and interpreted.
As recently shown [http://news.mongabay.com/2014/1203-peru-deforestation.html], the conversion of natural ecosystems for agricultural activities is accelerating in the region. Nonetheless, we believe that the implementation and building capacities with local stakeholders on sustainable land-used based alternatives and the restoration of degraded lands are promising options for the mitigation of the rate of natural habitats loss.